Teach Us to Number Our Days

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Daniel's 70-week Prophecy According to Sir Robert Anderson

Document : The Coming Prince, by Sir Robert Anderson, 1882


Prophecy Begins in month Nisan per Nehemiah 2:1 :

Commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem, 20th year of Artaxerxes king of Persia

Sir Robert dates this event as "1st of Nisan B.C. 445", which he identifies as a new

moon which, "occurred at Jerusalem on the 13th March, BC 445 (444 Astronomical) at

7h. 9m. A. M." (pg 121), a Julian date. However, since the new moon he referred to was

the astronomical new moon (totally black new moon, not the first visible crescent), he

correctly advances the Hebrew reckoning to the next day or March 14th.  However, this

would be the evening of March 14 after sundown. The daylight portion of Nisan 1 would

therefore be March 15th. Only if the command by Artaxerxes was given at night could

the date of Nisan 1 be March 14th be valid.


Prophecy Terminates in the Passover month of Nisan per Matt 26:2 :

The Triumphant Entry of Jesus four days before the Crucifixion is identified by Anderson

as the culmination of Daniel's prophecy of 69 weeks. He dates this as Friday, Nisan 10,

32 AD which is the Julian date of April 6.


Prophecy Duration

483 Prophetic Years with twelve 30 day months / Prophetic Year, or 360 days/year.

483 x 360 days = 173,880 days

173,880 days / 365.24 solar days/year = 476.07 solar years rounds to 476 solar years.


Crude Verification Mathematics :

445 BC to 32 AD = 445 + 32 - 1(no zero BC) = 476 yrs (non-inclusive) 


Semi-fine Verification Mathematic of Sir Robert Anderson (pg 128): 

476 yrs X 365 days/year =

173,740 days

   + 24 days to account for Mar 14-Apr 6

   +119 days of for leap years having one additional day

   -   3 days since Julian calendar contains 3 too many in four centuries

173,880 days


Fine Verification Mathematics

Computer programs that add up each day in the Julian calendar show the inclusive count is

173,883 days not 173,880 days ! A closer look at his accounting and we see that he tried

to go from one Julian date to another Julian date using the Julian calendar rule of leap

years but then, at the very end, mixed a Gregorian Leap year rule of 3 less days in 4

centuries. This subtraction of 3 days is a violation of the Julian Calendar mathematics. 


Astronomical programs have confirmed that Nisan 1 (crescent new moon) in 32 AD would

have been observed on the evening of Monday, March 31, 32 AD thus the daylight portion

of Nisan 1, 32 AD would have been Tuesday April 1. Thus, the day Christ died would

have been 13 days from this or Nisan 14, which would be Monday April 14th. This  would

mean Christ rose on the 3rd day or Nisan 16 a WEDNESDAY ??? This can't be for we all

know he arose on a SUNDAY ! This indicates that Sir Robert is not just a few days off

his calculation but is entirely in the wrong year since in 32 AD the days of the week are

all wrong! Anderson knew about this thorny problem and reverted to intercalary rules  

developed other countries of the ancient world and possibly by early Christians. The

problem is, why would the Jews go to the system of trying to mathematically estimate

the time of the new moon when, in 32 AD, all they had to do is look up in the sky and

observe the new moon?


Thus, Anderson's attempt looks good with crude mathematics but totally breaks down

when precision math is applied. Using the non-literal so-called Prophetic year as a Biblical

model for solving the 69 weeks of years prophecy is a dead end that yields no fruit.