Document : The Coming Prince, by Sir Robert Anderson, 1882
Prophecy Begins in month Nisan per Nehemiah 2:1 :
Commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem
Sir Robert dates this event as "1st of Nisan B.C. 445",
moon which, "occurred at
7h. 9m. A. M." (pg 121), a Julian date. However, since the new moon he referred to was
the astronomical new moon (totally black new moon, not the first visible crescent), he
correctly advances the Hebrew reckoning to the next day or March 14th. However, this
would be the evening of March 14 after sundown. The daylight portion of Nisan 1 would
therefore be March 15th. Only if the command by Artaxerxes was given at night could
the date of Nisan 1 be March 14th be valid.
Prophecy Terminates in the Passover month of Nisan per Matt 26:2 :
The Triumphant Entry of Jesus four days before the Crucifixion is identified by Anderson
as the culmination of Daniel's prophecy of 69 weeks. He dates this as Friday, Nisan 10,
32 AD which is the Julian date of April 6.
483 Prophetic Years with twelve 30 day months / Prophetic Year, or 360 days/year.
483 x 360 days = 173,880 days
173,880 days / 365.24 solar days/year = 476.07 solar years rounds to 476 solar years.
Crude Verification Mathematics :
445 BC to 32 AD = 445 + 32 - 1(no zero BC) = 476 yrs (non-inclusive)
Semi-fine Verification Mathematic of Sir Robert Anderson (pg 128):
476 yrs X 365 days/year =
+ 24 days to account for Mar 14-Apr 6
+119 days of for leap years having one additional day
- 3 days since Julian calendar contains 3 too many in four centuries
Fine Verification Mathematics
Computer programs that add up each day in the Julian calendar show the inclusive count is
173,883 days not 173,880 days ! A closer look at his accounting and we see that he tried
to go from one Julian date to another Julian date using the Julian calendar rule of leap
years but then, at the very end, mixed a Gregorian Leap year rule of 3 less days in 4
centuries. This subtraction of 3 days is a violation of the Julian Calendar mathematics.
Astronomical programs have confirmed that Nisan 1 (crescent new moon) in 32 AD would
have been observed on the evening of
Thus, Anderson's attempt looks good with crude mathematics but totally breaks down
when precision math is applied. Using the non-literal so-called Prophetic year as a Biblical
model for solving the 69 weeks of years prophecy is a dead end that yields no fruit.