Teach Us to Number Our Days

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Daniel's 70-week Prophecy According to the Late Dr. Harold W Hoehner

Document : Chronological Aspects of the Life of Christ, by Dr. Harold W Hoehner, 1973

Prophecy Begins in month Nisan per Nehemiah 2:1 :

Commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem, 20th year of Artaxerxes king of Persia

Dr. Hoehner dates this event as Nisan 1, 444 BC and assigns it the Julian date of

"March 4 or more likely March 5" (pg 138).


Prophecy Terminates in the Passover month of Nisan per Matt 26:2 :

The Triumphant Entry of Jesus four days before the Crucifixion is identified by Dr.

Hoehner as the culmination of Daniel's prophecy of 69 weeks. He dates this as Monday,

Nisan 10, 33 AD which is the Julian date of March 30. Four days later on Friday,

Nisan 14, April 3 Jesus would have been cut off or crucified.


Prophecy Duration

483 Prophetic Years with twelve 30 day months / Prophetic Year, or 360 days/year.

483 x 360 days = 173,880 days

173,880 days / 365.24 solar days/year = 476.07 solar years rounds to 476 solar years.


Crude Verification Mathematics :

444 BC to 33 AD = 444 + 33 - 1(no zero BC) = 476 yrs (non-inclusive) 


Semi-fine Verification Mathematics of Dr. Harold Hoehner (pg 128): 

476 yrs X 365.24219879 days/year =

173,855.28662404 days

   + 25 days to account for Mar 5-Mar 30

173,880 days


Fine Verification Mathematics

Computer programs that add up each day in the Julian calendar shows the total count is

173,885 days not 173,880 days! A closer look at his accounting and we see that he tried

to go from one Julian date to another Julian date but does not follow the Julian calendar

rule of using the average Julian year of exactly 365.25 days. Instead, he switches

mathematics to that of the scientific solar year which is a violation of the Julian Calendar

mathematics. This is a five day error. 


However, his most serious mistake is his selection of the beginning month for the start of

the prophecy. Astronomical programs have confirmed that Nisan 1 (crescent new moon) in

444 BC was the Julian date of the evening of March 3. Thus, the daylight portion of

Nisan 1 would have been the next Julian day (which advances upon the stroke of midnight)

or March 4th. Thus, far it looks good for Dr. Hoehner since he had included March 4th

in his selection. The problem arises due to the fact that the date in question is a Julian

date and the further back in time one travels the more out of sync the Julian Calendar

gets with respect to the Gregorian Calendar by which we are able to know the seasons of

the year since it closely approximates a solar year and stays in sync with the seasons.

When we convert March 3, 444 BC to the Gregorian Calendar we arrive at February 26.

Immediately it is evident that this is one month prior to the "Barley Ripe" or Abib window

that is known for Jerusalem area which is between March 10th to April 4th. This means

Dr. Hoehner has selected a month in which the barley crop was not yet ripe. Rather than

the Hebrew month of Nisan he has the prophecy starting in the month Adar.     


Thus, Hoehner's attempt looks good with crude mathematics but totally breaks down

when precision math is applied. Using the non-literal so-called Prophetic year as a Biblical

model for solving the 69 weeks of years prophecy is a dead end that yields no fruit.