Teach Us to Number Our Days

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Daniel's 70-week Prophecy According to the Dr. Floyd Nolen Jones 

Document : The Chronology of the Old Testament, by Dr. Floyd Nolen Jones, 1993

 

Prophecy Begins in month Nisan per Nehemiah 2:1 :

Commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem, 20th year of Artaxerxes king of Persia

Dr. Jones dates this event as occurring Nisan 14, 454 BC. which is the Julian date of 

April 7.

 

The unique difference in his proposed beginning of Daniel's prophecy is his consideration

that Nehemiah may have been referring to the 20th year of Artaxerxes “pro-rex” reign

rather than his “sole-rex” reign. In other words, Jones considered that it may be  

possible for Xerxes to have Artaxerxes associated with him on the throne, while Xerxes

was STILL LIVING.

 

His supporting evidence of a pro-rex (in place of the king) or co-rex (together with the

king) reign of Artaxerxes Longimanus includes ancient historical accounts of Thucydides

(BC 460 – 395), Plutarch (AD 46-127), Ptolemy’s Royal Canon, and the famous

chronologer, Archbishop James Ussher, who had used the more ancient historic data to

date the reign of Artaxerxes much earlier than the standard secular chronology. Doctor

Edwin M. Yamauchi, internationally noted professor of history at Miami University of

Ohio, also is persuaded that the ancient Thucydides accounts support an earlier pro-

rex reign of Artaxerxes. Jones uses this information to calculate the 20th year of

Artaxerxes based on his coming to power in a pro-rex relationship with his father

Xerxes.

 

Prophecy Terminates in the Passover month of Nisan per Matt 26:2 :

 

The Triumphant Entry of Jesus four days before the Crucifixion is identified by Dr.

Jones as the culmination of Daniel's prophecy of 69 weeks. He dates this event as

Sunday, Nisan 10, 30 AD which is the Julian date of April 2. Four days later on

Thursday, Nisan 14, April 3 Jesus would have been cut off or crucified.

 

Prophecy Duration

483 Literal Solar Years , with 365.242199 days/year.

483 x 365.242199 days = 176,412 days

176,412 days / 365.25 days/Julian year =

482.989 Julian years rounds to 483 Julian years.

 

Crude Verification Mathematics :

454 BC to 30 AD = 454 + 30 - 1(no zero BC) = 483 Julian yrs (non-inclusive) 

 

Semi-fine Verification Mathematics of Dr. Floyd Nolen Jones : 

483 Julian yrs X 365.25 days/Julian year =

176,416 days

   - 4 days to account for April 7- April 3

176,416 days

 

Fine Verification Mathematics

Computer programs that add up each day in the Julian calendar shows the total count is

176,416 days which is an exact match! A closer look at his accounting shows that he

went from one Julian date to another Julian date and followed the Julian calendar

rule of using the average Julian year of exactly 365.25 days. Thus far no errors. 

 

Astronomical programs have confirmed that Nisan 1 (crescent new moon) in 454 BC was

the Julian date of the evening of March 24. Thus, the daylight portion of Nisan 1 would

have been the next Julian day (which advances at midnight) or March 25th.   

When we convert March 24, 454 BC to the Gregorian Calendar we arrive at March 19.  

It is evident that this exactly fits into the "Barley Ripe" or Abib window that is known

for Jerusalem area which is between March 10th to April 4th. This confirms that Dr.

Jones has indeed  selected the Hebrew month of Nisan for the start of the prophecy.

 

Astronomical programs have also confirmed that Nisan 1 (crescent new moon) in 30 AD

was the Julian date of the evening of March 24. Thus, the daylight portion of Nisan 1

would have been the next Julian day (which advances upon the stroke of midnight)  

or Saturday March 25th. When we convert March 24, 454 BC to the Gregorian Calendar

we arrive at March 22.  It is evident that this exactly fits into the "Barley Ripe" or Abib

window that is known for Jerusalem area which is between March 10th to April 4th. This

confirms that Dr. Jones has indeed  selected the Hebrew month of Nisan for the end of

the Daniel prophecy.

 

It is noted that if the daylight portion of Nisan 1 falls on Saturday March 25th as all

astronomical calculators (I have checked more than a dozen) seem to agree, then Nisan 10

daylight portion should fall on Friday, April 7. It is here we notice a difference in Dr.

Jones' prophecy end date which is Thursday, April 6th (Julian). This is traced back to

the fact that in this particular year a mere accounting error of 1 hour and 10 minutes in

2,000 years of astronomical time would cause the calculated new moon observance to occur

one day earlier. Thus, selection of the Thursday solution or Friday solution for 30 AD

may come down to the Crucifixion day of the week postion one favors based on their

particular interpretation of the pertinent scriptures.         

 

Jones' attempt to solve Daniel's 69 weeks of years prophecy looks good with crude

mathematics and continues to hold when precision math is applied. Using the Literal Solar-

Lunar-Agricultural year as a Biblical model for solving the 69 weeks of years prophecy

results in a sound solution that yields fruit when other prophecies of the Bible are

considered and other ancient sources are compared.